ANOTHER FALSE SOLUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
"The only goal [of biofuels] is to maintain current patterns of consumption in the First World and high rates of profit for multinational corporations." -- MST (the Brazilian Landless Workers' Movement)
"The stage is now set for direct competition for grain between the 800 million people who own automobiles, and the world's two billion poorest people." -- Lester Brown
Why Do We Need a Second Look at Agrofuels?
1) Agrofuels are creating competition between food for people and fuel for cars, leading to skyrocketing grain prices and increasing numbers of people who cannot afford to eat. As one example, the amount of grain needed to create enough ethanol to fill the tank of a single SUV could feed one person for an entire year. There simply isn't enough grain to feed all of the people and all of the cars.
2) The increasing demand for land for agrofuel plantations is causing deforestation and destruction of some of the last and largest primeval forests, which are being logged and burned to clear land for these agrofuel plantations. In Indonesia, millions of acres of primordial rainforest are at stake. The government plans to clear vast tracts of this forest for oil palm plantations for biodiesel for export to Europe, threatening the existence of wildlife including orangutans, rhinoceros and tigers.
3) The logging and burning of forests for agrofuel plantations releases huge quantities of greenhouse gases which are unlikely to be offset by the agrofuels created from the crops grown on these former forest lands. The burning of the forests of Indonesia each year (largely for oil palm plantations) makes it the world's third largest producer of global carbon emissions, even though most of the population lives in poverty.
4) Indigenous peoples who depend on forests for food, medicine, shelter, livelihoods or culture are being forcibly displaced from their lands to make room for agrofuel plantations.
6) The biotechnology industry is using rising demand for agrofuel as a new way to sell their highly unpopular, unpredictable and problematic genetic engineering technology. Monsanto's stocks are soaring as demand increased for their genetically engineered corn and soy for agrofuels. ArborGen is genetically engineering trees for release in the Southeast US and Brazil that have specifically been modified to produce cellulosic ethanol.
Studies on the risks of releasing GE trees into the environment in plantations are virtually non-existent. However, the escape of engineered pollen and seeds from these plantations into native forests up to hundreds of miles away is inevitable and irreversible. The results of this genetic contamination are predicted to be very serious both for humans and wildlife.
So what is Global Justice Ecology Project doing about it?
Our plans to address this emerging social and ecological disaster are many, but we urgently need your support to carry out this ambitious agenda. Please become a supporter if you are not already.
Dr Rachel Smolker, our Biofuels Specialist, has producced a short informational leaflet called, "From Meals to Wheels" on the social and environmental impacts of agrofuels. We will also be producing a lengthy report on the connection between biofuels, GE trees and the destruction of forests and indigenous culture. This report will be produced in time for the 2007 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change next December. We are producing this extensive report in conjunction with the Global Forest Coalition. To download the PDF of our short informational leaflet, click here.
We also give presentations to groups worldwide on the link between the unsustainable large-scale production of biofuels and the dangerous genetic engineering of trees. We have presented to the European Parliament in Brussels, to grassroots social movements in Europe and Brazil, as well as to various United Nations bodies.
We also participate in international strategy meetings with biofuels activists from around the world.
Download our leaflet on the problems with biofuels.
Listen to a recent radio interview we gave on the problems with biofuels.
View our powerpoint on biofuels and GE trees. (Click link and scroll down)
For more information on the problems with genetically engineered trees, click here.
Read The Corporate Climate Coup.
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